September 21 (September 11, o.s.)

Massachusetts: Samuel Parris, minister in Salem Village, gives two sermons, one in the morning and one in the afternoon, about the recent convictions of six people by the Court of Oyer and Terminer convened in Salem Town to try witchcraft cases.  One of the six is Martha Corey, a member of the Salem Village church.  Parris’s sermons paint the conspiracy of witches under Satan’s command as part of a broader demonic attack on New England that also includes the quite physical war with the French and their Indian allies.  While gathered at the meetinghouse for the sabbath service, the congregation votes to excommunicate Martha Corey.

New Mexico: In the morning Luis Picurí, leader of the confederation of Tewa and Tiwa Pueblos centered on Santa Fe, arrives at Governor Vargas’s campsite at Santa Fe along with his brother Lorenzo, governor of Picuris Pueblo, Domingo, who played a key role in negotiating the surrender of Santa Fe to Vargas on September 13, and the rest of his key advisors and military leaders.  They have come to accompany Vargas on his planned expedition to their enemies at Pecos Pueblo, with the goal of either negotiating an alliance or attacking and defeating the people of Pecos.  Also arriving at the camp are many Indians from the local Pueblos who have not yet been absolved of their sin in rebelling against the Spanish in 1680.

Miguel Muñiz, one of the Franciscan missionaries accompanying Vargas’s reconquest expedition, grants absolution to the wayward Indians, and Cristóbal Alonso Barroso, another of the missionaries, then conducts a mass, which Vargas attends along with his newly absolved allies. When it is over Vargas tells the Indians through an interpreter that they should be very happy to hear a mass again after going without for so long.  He then invites the leaders to breakfast with himself and the priests, and they eat and drink chocolate together.

After breakfast, the expedition mounts up and departs for Pecos, leaving between 8:00 am and 9:00 am.  Just before leaving Vargas writes a letter to Juan Páez Hurtado, whom he left in charge of the additional fifty soldiers expected from Nueva Vizcaya who had not arrived at El Paso as of August 21, when Vargas left to lead the main body of the reconquest expedition.  In it he expresses his disappointment that the troops didn’t arrive in time to help him with the reconquest of Santa Fe and describes his success in taking the town without their help.  He also indicates that he has gone on his expedition to Pecos via Galisteo Pueblo, and that the additional troops should follow his tracks and meet him on his way if they arrive soon.  He leaves the letter with a soldier at the campsite in Santa Fe to be received by Páez whenever he arrives with the reinforcements.

The troops with Vargas march continuously until they reach Galisteo Pueblo, where Vargas calls a halt and sends two Indian scouts ahead to reconnoiter the Pueblo and see if there are any enemy Indians there and if there is any water in the water holes.  They return to report that there are neither enemies nor water at the Pueblo.  Vargas then orders that camp be made for the night in an arroyo within sight of Galisteo, and that the men be prepared to depart at the rising of the morning star to continue on to Pecos.

At sunset Páez and six of the soldiers from Nueva Vizcaya under his command arrive at the campsite in Santa Fe and receive Vargas’s letter.  As the letter orders, they keep going toward Galisteo to meet up with the expedition to Pecos.

Published in: on September 21, 2008 at 12:00 am  Comments Off on September 21 (September 11, o.s.)  
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