October 2 (September 22, o.s.)

Jamaica: HMS Mordaunt, having sailed to Porto Bello in Panama to collect debts owed to Jamaican merchants on July 29, returns to the island.

Massachusetts: Eight of the people convicted by the Court of Oyer and Terminer at its recent session are brought to Gallows Hill in Salem to be hanged.  They are Alice Parker (convicted on September 7), Martha Corey (convicted on September 8), Mary Easty (convicted on September 9), Ann Pudeator (convicted on September 10), Samuel Wardwell and Wilmot Reed (both convicted on September 14), Margaret Scott (convicted on September 15), and Mary Parker (convicted on September 16).   As the cart carrying them approaches the gallows it gets stuck for a short while, causing the afflicted persons witnessing the execution to cry out that the Devil is hindering it.  The hindrance isn’t great, however, and the cart soon restarts and arrives at the gallows.  The condemned people all give final speeches and prayers, with Corey and Easty speaking particularly movingly.  The hanging is then carried out.  Upon seeing this Nicholas Noyes, one of the ministers in Salem, says “What a sad thing it is to see eight firebrands of Hell hanging there.”

Meanwhile, Cotton Mather, the Boston minister who is writing a book in defense of the court’s handling of the witchcraft crisis, meets at the Boston home of Samuel Sewall, one of the judges, with Lieutenant Governor William Stoughton, Salem magistrate John Hathorne, Salem minister John Higginson, and court clerk Stephen Sewall (Samuel’s brother).  The men discuss Mather’s book and preparations for publishing it.

New Mexico: Governor Diego de Vargas sets out from San Ildefonso Pueblo in the morning to continue his tour of the Tewa pueblos.  He comes first to Santa Clara Pueblo, where he explains that he has arrived to pardon the people for their disloyalty in the 1680 revolt and bring them back to Spanish obedience and Christian practice, and they all gladly swear loyalty to the king.  Father Francisco Corvera then grants them absolution and he and the other priests in Vargas’s party baptize 89 children who were born since the revolt.

Vargas and his entourage then move on to San Juan Pueblo.  Shortly before they arrive they are met by Luis Picurí, the leader of all the Tewa pueblos and their allies who met with Vargas on September 15 and 16, and his brother Antonio, who escort them into the plaza of the pueblo, where a new room with a shaded porch has been built for them.  Vargas goes through the usual process of pardoning the people of San Juan and explaining his mission, then Corvera absolves them and the priests baptize 76 people of all ages.  Various members of the expedition recognize four people at the pueblo taken captive in 1680: three Spanish women and a Tiwa man from Isleta Pueblo.  When the baptisms are over the expedition stays at San Juan to spend the night.

Published in: on October 2, 2008 at 12:00 am  Comments (2)  


  1. […] have increased markedly, particularly on account of the eight executions of convicted witches on September 22.  Opponents and supporters of the trials have become increasingly vocal in expressing their […]

  2. […] appeared to her were those of Hale’s wife and Mary Easty, who was executed for witchcraft on September 22.  Although both specters appeared to Herrick, only Mrs. Hale’s actually afflicted her; […]

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