October 8 (September 28, o.s.)

New Mexico: In the morning Governor Vargas receives word from Francisco Pacheco, the governor of Taos Pueblo, and Josefillo the Spaniard, the Taos resident who delivered Vargas’s message to the people of Taos when they were hiding in the mountains the previous day, that all the people have come back from the mountains to the pueblo, where Vargas and his men are staying.  Vargas orders that they all assemble in the plaza.

Once they are there, Vargas explains, as he has at all the other pueblos he has visited so far, that he has come to pardon them for their roles in the 1680 revolt, rather than to take vengeance on them, and that all he wants is for them to accept the sovereignty of the king, who asks nothing of them but their loyalty.  He then raises the royal standard and leads the people in a loyalty oath.  Francisco Corvera, one of the expedition’s missionaries, then grants the people absolution.  He and the other two priests then baptize 96 people of all ages and both sexes.  Vargas exhorts the people to wear crosses and pray.  When all this is complete, the people return to their houses.

Around 4:00 pm, Pacheco and Josefillo send word via the interpreter, Pedro Hidalgo, that they wish to meet with Vargas.  Hidalgo transmits the message, and Vargas agrees to a meeting.  Once the two men enter Vargas’s tent, they tell him through Hidalgo that they are now like brothers and friends to the Spanish, since they are now Christians once again.  They report that two men from Taos have recently returned from Zuni and reported that when they stopped at Acoma on the way back there was a large gathering there of leaders of the Zuni, Hopi, Pecos, Jemez and Keres pueblos, along with some Apaches and other groups from further away, which took place over three days.  At this meeting the leaders of these groups agreed that it would be quite some time before the Spanish left the area, so the best plan of action would be to gather up supplies, then lie in wait to ambush them whenever they came by.

Upon hearing this, Vargas thanks Pacheco and Josefillo for letting him know.  He then goes to his allies, Luis Picurí and his brother Lorenzo, the leaders of the Tewa and Picuris alliance against whom the nations meeting at Acoma have been fighting, and asks them to send some of their best warriors to accompany him on expeditions to all these enemy pueblos to either make peace with them or defeat them once and for all.  He tells them to assemble their men and meet him at Santa Fe a week from Thursday.  From there the combined expedition will go to Pecos, which has strong ties to Taos and is therefore the most likely to be influenced by the recent peace with Taos.

Vargas then tells Governor Pacheco that he should send two fast young men to Pecos to tell the people there about what happened at Taos, and that he will give each one a rosary and a cross drawn on a piece of paper as a sign of his good intentions.  Pacheco and Josefillo agree to this plan and thank Vargas for his kindness.

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Published in: on October 8, 2008 at 12:00 am  Comments (1)  

One Comment

  1. […] peace Vargas made at Taos.  This is in accordance with the plan worked out by Vargas at Taos on October 8.  Vargas has the interpreter, Pedro Hidalgo, give the three men the message, and he himself then […]


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